Jay Penniman earned a B.S. at Portland State University in Oregon in 1977. He has worked as an independent contractor doing forestry, wildlife, and vegetation surveys, management, and assessment. At the Point Reyes Bird Observatory, he was employed as a biologist on Southeast Farallon Island, 26 miles west of San Francisco. There, he was a member of the team of biologists who ran the remote research station monitoring 13 breeding bird species and four marine mammal species. He also performed at-sea surveys for seabirds and marine mammals in the near and offshore waters of the northwest coast of North America. Since 2006, he has worked for the Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit of the University of Hawaii managing the Maui Nui Seabird Recovery Project. When not recovering and rescuing seabirds, Jay enjoys birdwatching, reading, gardening, cooking, and walking.